What is CBD Oil?


CBD is the latest trend to take over the health and wellness industry. Most people have heard of CBD oil, but the majority of the population still isn’t exactly sure what CBD is made of, the potential benefits, how to use it properly, or the different types of products. ‘What is CBD oil?’ is still a common question. This article will discuss everything you need to know about the latest phenomenon and how it could improve your life.  

CBD 101

Before getting into CBD oil specifically, it is helpful to have a general understanding of the compounds that make cannabis such a valuable plant.


Chemical compounds such as CBD and THC are known as cannabinoids. There are over 100 cannabinoids derived from cannabis that we are aware of; others include CBG, CBN, and CBC. While CBD and THC are the most notable, other cannabinoids are gaining attention as beneficial compounds included in CBD products and on their own.

Cannabinoids are found in the resin glands of cannabis flowers. Manufacturers separate these compounds using heat and pressure to create concentrates like CBD oil.


The second most important compound found in cannabis is terpenes. These plant oils exist in all plants, but cannabis has an unusually high concentration. Terpenes help plants attract pollinators and deter predators. Humans have been using terpenes in folk medicine for thousands of years.

The Endocannabinoid System

The reason why cannabinoids like CBD and THC affect our bodies is because we possess an endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex network of neurotransmitters, receptors, and enzymes. The ECS is responsible for regulating mood, inflammation, anxiety, appetite, memory, and the sleep-wake cycle.

Different Types of CBD Extracts

When CBD is separated from the cannabis plant, it is now in the form of distillate. The industry is moving away from pure extracts containing only one compound; most CBD products include a range of cannabinoids and terpenes. Many CBD companies have adopted a new term, cannabinoid hemp, to describe their CBD-rich cannabis extracts better.

Full Spectrum CBD Oil

Full-spectrum CBD oil contains an array of cannabinoids and terpenes from the original plant. The most important aspect of full-spectrum CBD oil is the presence of THC. Manufacturers keep as much THC as possible without going over the 0.3% legal limit.  

While 0.3% THC or less isn’t enough to get users high, taking full spectrum can lead to a positive drug test. Users need to be mindful of the type of CBD they are taking if they expect a drug test in the near future.

Broad Spectrum CBD Oil

Broad-spectrum extracts don’t contain any THC but do have other cannabinoids and terpenes from the original hemp plant. Users who prefer broad-spectrum CBD oil believe in the benefits of CBD along with other cannabis compounds but may be hesitant to take CBD.

Isolate CBD

Isolate is CBD in its pure form without any other cannabinoids or terpenes. When CBD is separated from the original cannabis plant, a white crystalline powder is formed.

What is CBD Oil Made From?

CBD oil is a combination of CBD extract and carrier oil. Once a manufacturer has a distillate in any of the forms mentioned above, it needs to be mixed with a carrier to make CBD oil.

The most common carrier oil is MCT or coconut oil. Seed oils are also commonly used to create CBD oil; hemp seed oil and grapeseed oil are the most frequently used in the industry.  

What is CBD Oil? – The Benefits of CBD Oil

CBD oil has been falsely glorified as a magical cure-all drug by opportunistic retailers. However, there is substantial evidence to support CBD’s potential to combat a number of conditions. The unsubstantiated claims made by unethical CBD retailers shouldn’t deter from the scientific evidence and clinical trials supporting CBD as a means to improve the lives of millions of people.

Pain is the most common application for CBD. According to Practical Pain Management, about 62% of CBD users use the hemp extract to treat chronic pain, arthritis, or joint pain.

The FDA has only approved one drug containing CBD as the active ingredient. Eplidolex is currently used to treat a rare form of epilepsy alone or in addition to other more traditional treatments. Getting a cannabis extract approved by the FDA is no easy feat; we hope to see the FDA’s approval for more drugs with CBD in the future.

Recent Research

Cannabis prohibition has set us back decades from where we should be regarding CBD research. However, since the increase in demand for cannabinoids, we’ve made substantial strides in the right direction.

One of the most impressive studies involving CBD looked at how the cannabinoid can help patients with anxiety or sleep disorders. In 2019, researchers in Colorado observed 72 participants over multiple months taking CBD daily. The anxiety scores for the patients decreased for 79.2% of the participants, while sleep scores improved for 66.7% of the participants.

The researchers gave most of the patients in the study a 25mg dose of CBD each day. Some of the patients increased their dosage after the first month to experience better results.

How to Use CBD Oil?

CBD oil is meant to be taken sublingually, meaning under the tongue. To get the best results, users should allow the oil to dissolve for at least 30 seconds before swallowing. Giving the CBD time to be absorbed by the mucosal membrane under the tongue increases absorption and bioavailability.

Sublingual administration gives users a direct pathway to the bloodstream. Users want to deliver as much CBD oil to the bloodstream as possible to get the best results.

Where Can I Buy CBD Oil?

CBD is available online, but it is up to the consumer to find a reputable retailer. Make sure the CBD is tested for potency, heavy metals, and pesticides by a 3rd party lab before making a purchase.

‘What is CBD oil?’ remains a common question among new users around the world. Hopefully, this article helped you understand the basics of CBD oil and how it can help you improve your life.



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